Final Year Project Management System
School of Mechanical Engineering



No. Title Code Synopsis Requirements Remarks
1 The effect of blank holder mechanism to the thinning pattern in deep drawing of a square shape cup  ABA2  Thinning is one of the defect that commonly occurs in deep drawing process. In this study, the effect of blank holder to the thinning pattern of an aluminum alloy squared shape cup will be investigated experimentally. Student needs to propose circular specimen holding mechanism on the developed tooling in order to ensure successfull deep drawing process. Different die and punch design parameters including shoulder, nose and bottom radiuses will be examined and the effect will recorded.  1. Hydraulic press machine 2. Alicona   Experimental, Design 
2 Springback measurement of aluminum alloy strip using v-bending method  ABA3  Specimen for testing can be prepared using different methods. In this study the effect specimen preparation procedure i.e. machined, wire cut and sheared specimen on different materials to springback will be performed using v-bending die. The student needs to mapped the hardness distribution along the cutted section. Other parameters such as rolling direction and friction coefficient also will be studied. The amount of springback will be measured using profile projector.  1. Mechanical press machine 2. Profile projector 3. UTM   Experimental 
3 Design and testing of surface grinding rig   ABA5  Surface roughness is one of the most influential parameters to the performance of the die the punch. Typically, surface grinding machine will be used to improve the surface roughness. Recent demand on metal forming with complex shape or deep cavity requires very complicated and time consuming grinding process. In this project, the student needs to utilize the available turning machine as source of rotating mechanism and then design a jig to hold the specimen i.e. the die and punch during the grinding process.  Turning machine  Experimental, Design 
4 Environmental friendly product design and development  CJF4  The work relates to product design of vector control mechanism. Initial design has been conceived and needs refinement. Student who prefer hand-on work will be suitable.  Solidworks, rapid-prototyping or other fabrication methods.   
5 Development of Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo inspection system   EAB1  This is a continuous project from the Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo inspection system (ISI PROTO-One) developed by previous researchers. The main tasks are to improve the current design and capability by using high specification transducer which is 2.25MHz immersion type. This machine should be able to detect interlayer defect among composite laminates panel such as flaw and disbanding. Other things that may take into consideration is the mechanism, controller and also ergonomic and esthetical value to ensure this machine are industrial user friendly and marketable. The FYP candidate will go through design, analysis, fabrication, programming and wiring.    design, analysis, fabrication, programming and wiring 
6 A study on the effect of residual stress on electrical wire cables  FY3  To quantify effect of residual stress on electrical wire cables using experimental and numerical analysis  Interest in finite element and experimental analysis Tools: ABAQUS, Instron 3387  Experimental, Simulation, Design 
7 A study on the effect of toughness mismatch on three-dimensional asymptotic crack tip constraint fields  FY4  To quantify crack tip constraint due to toughness mismatch  Interest in finite element analysis Tools: ABAQUS, MatLAB, Fortran  Simulation, Analytical/Programming 
8 Vibration Analysis of Induced-Draft Air-Cooled Heat Exchanger Platform Structure  IAR1  Structural vibration are major problem in process plant industries which involved many structural platform supported both static and rotating equipment. In this project, the structural vibration of platform that supported draft air cooled heat exchanger will be studied. The objectives are to develop the platform's finite element model, to compare simulation results with the experimental data and to reduce the vibration using Structural Dynamic Modification  MSC-Patran, Vibration measurement  Experimental, Simulation 
9 Biomechanical study of pedicle screw  IAR3  In spinal instrumentation, pedicle screw insertion become a critical part in surgery without having a complication due to infection, mechanical failure and fatigue during or after the surgery has been done. A lot of studies have been done to improve the process and avoid that failure occur including by using finite element simulation and/or experimental methods. In this project, the influence of pullout strength due to insertion of pedicle screw will be studied using simulation and experimental.  UTM (pullout testing), MSC-Patran   Experimental, Simulation 
10 Validation of finite element model of human lumbar spine  IAR4  Computational methods have been used to better understand mechanisms of load transfer in the spine. The finite element models have been developed to investigate the mechanical behavior of the lumbar spine under physiologic and traumatic loads. The objective of the present study is to develop and validate a nonlinear finite element model of the lumbar region of the human vertebral column.  MSC-Patran/Nastran, CT-scan, Mimics  Simulation 
11 Development of the multi axes spine tester  IAR5  Human spine tester was important in order to understand the human spine. It consists of complex six degree of freedom motion which must be replicated in a human spine tester in in-vitro condition in order to determine the biomechanical properties of the spine. In this project, a testing jig will be developed which was capable of applying axial loads and torques to the specimen which replaced the human spine bone.  CAD Modelling (Solidwork), Design/Fabrication  Experimental, Design 
12 Development of a low cost Plasma Asher system  KM2  Oxygen plasma (asher) is a dry method of cleaning any surface from organic contamination.   CAD softwares such as CATIA and Solidwork, RF Generator, Vacuum chamber, CNC machining.  Experimental, Design 
13 Tree decision technique for tumour diagnosis  LWP4  The research applies classification analysis using tree-decision hierarchical categorization method. The main emphasis is on gene expression classification accuracy. Main data features that could better distinguish expressions into its belonging classes will be determined  Data mining, Mathematical modelling  Data Mining 
14 Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) simulation of 3-dimensional fluid flow in arteries or enclosure with Palabos  MAA2  Predicting the flow field inside complex geometries like in blood vessels is often desired in medical applications. One typical case is that of cerebral aneurysms. As the treatment methods themselves carry significant risk, the knowledge of the emerging flow field inside the involved region of the vessel could be useful for medical decision-making.   OpenSource software Palabos  Simulation 
15 Parallel computation and simulation of Lattice Boltzmann Method in arteries/flow around elastic beam with Palabos  MAA3  The Lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) was introduced by McNamara and Zanetti to overcome the drawbacks of the lattice gas cellular automata. Since then the LBM emerged as an alternative powerful method for solving fluid dynamics problems. However, it needs more computer memory compared with NS solver. The use of parallel computing would significantly reduce the computation time by up to two orders of higher.   OpenSource software Palabos  a) Simulation b) Parallel computing 
16 Comparative studies of Finite Element Method (ansys) and Lattice Boltzmann method simulation on simple 2D or 3D problems.   MAA4  The lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) was proposed two decades ago, and is now recognized as a well-established method in computational fluid dynamics. It has been used to simulate fluid flow in a wide range of complex geometries such as porous media or geometries from medical applications. Several studies comparing LB and FE methods for transient flows have shown good agreement between, where LBM is less expensive in terms of memory consumption and uses comparable computational times. Comparison of LB and FE methods for time-harmonic flows however is still lacking and more comprehensive would yield the best possible simulation practice.   a) Simulation of simple 2D Cavity problems in Ansys b) Simulation of simple 2D Cavity problems in Palabos   Simulation 
17 Study the effect of hot jet impingement and hotspot on the bias acoustic liner  MAI1  Since FAA ruled that all aircraft manufacturers have to enhance noise abatement system, some researchers propose that bias acoustic liner is installed at nacelle leading edge. However, hotspot from anti-icing system might destroy bias acoustic liner (BAL). Therefore, the Final Year Project will investigate how the hotspot will affects on physical properties of Bias Acoustic Liner i.e. deflection, thermal stress and overall stress. CFD and ANSYS software are used in this investigation.   Knowledgeable in FSI, CFD & ANSYS. Softwares are available.  Simulation 
18 Numerical Investigation of Temperature Distribution inside Furnace.  MAI2  This work will investigate the temperature distribution inside furnace. FLUENT CFD code will be used in this project and these simulation results are validated with experimental data from “Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia”. Afterwards, a series of ambient temperature will be carried out and these simulation results are then compared to empirical correlation that was developed by “other researchers”.  Knowledgeable in Fluent CFD.  Simulation 
19 Numerical Investigation of The Behaviors of Composite Floor System on Fire  MAI3  This final year project will study the characteristics of two new designs for composite floor at various high temperatures between 600°C and 900°C. ANSYS will be used to predict some characteristics including deflection and thermal stress.  Knowledgeable in FSI and ANSYS.  Simulation 
20 Simulation of Electric Vs. Hydraulic Hybrids (SERIES architecture)  MIR4  Simulate both systems and do cost study comparisons for various vehicle applications.  MATLAB/Code Development  Simulation 
21 Machine vision application to detection of defects in powder coated aluminum castings  MMR3  In this project a machine vision solution will be developed to detect defects in powder coated aluminum casting manufactured by STX Precision Sdn. Bhd. Suitable lighting needs to be used to highlight the defect. An algorithm will be developed to detect the presence and location of the defect.  Keen interest in programming and image processing as well as initiative to solve an industrial problem. Must register for EPP462 (Industrial Machine Vision) course.  Experimental, Analytical/Programming, Design 
22 Study of Lid-Driven Cavity Flow with Flexible Base  MRAR1  Lid-driven cavity flow in two dimensions is well-known (cf: However, solutions to the flow with a flexible base is nontrivial. The main task is to construct such a model in the software package Ansys Fluent and study the solutions at different Reynolds number and stiffness values of the base wall.  Mainly Ansys Fluent  Simulation 
23 Assessment of adaptive meshing of FEA in Abaqus  MRAR4  To study the accuracy of solutions and efficiency of computer resources for the adaptive meshing feature in Abaqus   Abaqus  Simulation 
24 Post Processor Application for CNC Turning via CAD/CAM system  MSAM2  This project has to be done to investigate post processor in CAD/CAM industry. A process planning has to be produced for CNC Turning using the post processor.  SolidWorks / Catia and CNC Lathe Machines  Simulation 
25 Development of nano solder particles by using supercritical water reactor  MZA2  Lead-free reflow soldering is one of the most significant factors to consider in the development of surface mount technology (SMT), especially toward the miniaturization of the advanced ball grid array (BGA) packaging. In current process, the use of solder paste at micron size has difficulty for the SMT process since some electronic components are very small. The solder paste with particle size (1-6 micron) is no longer adequate for a small component during the reflow process. Thus, innovative solutions are indispensable to develop a new solder paste at nano size of solder particle to enhance the performance of soldering for modern nano packaging. This project aims to develop the nano solder paste of lead-free reflow soldering for the SMT process. The nano solder particles will be developed by using supercritical water and the solder will synthesize inside the reactor.   One student required for this project. The student required to run experiment for different solder solutions.The simulation using CFD code also needs to be carried for the flow inside the reactor.  Experimental, Simulation 
26 Design and development of embedded machine vision system for process monitoring  YKS2  An embedded machine vision system is to be designed and built in this industrial related project. This embedded machine vision system is going to place on an injection molding machine to monitor the presence of the remaining part which fails to be retrieved, to prevent the damage of the mold by the subsequent molding process. A prototype of embedded machine vision system will be build using Raspberry Pi controller.  Matlab, Raspberry Pi controller  Analytical/Programming, Design 
27 Applicability study of intelligent template generator for PCBA inspection  YKS3  The concept of the intelligent generator had been coined in previous work. Now, the applicability of the intelligent generator is put into test. In this work, the student has to develop the intelligent system and test the system extensively to determine its applicability in the real world application.   Matlab   Analytical/Programming 
28 Finite Element Analysis of Piezopatch Actuator   ZMR5  Piezopatch actuator can be used to drive a beam which can be used for active vibration control. FE analysis will be made on the piezopatch beam actuator system and the analysis will compare the results from FE simulation with the measured value. Later, saturation effect will be introduced in order to come up with the realistic FE model of the piezopatch actuator.      
29 Tooling design for multi-part plastic injection mold  ZS5  It is more economical if a mold for plastic injection can be fabricated with multi-cavities that can produce multi-parts in a single plastic injection shot. The manufacturer will save the cost in getting the mold. However, it is difficult to design a mold with multi-cavities. Many factors needs to be considered in the tooling design. Thus, simulation is required to analyze the plastic injection process when the mold have many cavities.  Objectives: 1. To design a plastic injection mold with multi-cavities for producing 15 different components in a single shot. 2. To simulate the material flow in the multi-cavities mold during plastic injection. Needs: Student Manufacturing Engineering   Simulation, Design