Final Year Project Management System
School of Mechanical Engineering


LIST OF FINAL YEAR PROJECTS  

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No. Title Code Synopsis Requirements Remarks
1 Fluid structure interaction (FSI) study of steam flow in power plant piping system.  AAS1  Having an understanding of the thermo-mechanical behaviour of power plant piping system has become more important as the operation of power plant moves to cyclic operation instead of base load operation. The aim of this study is to simulate and analyze the effect of steam flow to structure of power plant pipes/tubes under fluctuating high temperature condition. Finite element analysis will be used to conduct heat transfer and stress analysis.  Heat transfer and materials engineering knowledge. Tools: ANSYS/ABAQUS  Simulation 
2 Structural integrity study of stretchable electronic circuit.  AAS2  Wearable electronics will become future trend of consumer product. Thus, understanding one of its component is important especially for electronic manufacturing company. Thus, this project is aimed to study strength and reliability of electronic circuit on stretchable substrate under mechanical loading condition. Finite element analysis will be used to analyze the structural integrity of stretchable circuit.  Solid mechanics and materials engineering knowledge. Tools: ANSYS/ABAQUS  Simulation 
3 Sound quality analysis of two-way radio under wind noise.  AAS3  Noise generated from wind flow over the two-way radio can decrease communication effectiveness. A pair of commercially available two way radios is used as the object of study. The student need to conduct experiment using wind tunnel and two way radios to measure noise of the communication devices.  Knowledge in noise and fluid analysis.  Experimental 
4 Process development for electronic circuit printing on stretchable substrate.  AAS4  To study process development of metal conductor printing on polymer substrate and analyze the effectiveness of each material in the stretchable electronic circuit.  Knowledge in manufacturing process, electronic circuit and materials engineering.  Experimental, Design 
5 Precision punching of composite panel - influence of tool geometry and punching parameters  ABA1  Aerospace parts requires high precision hole in their assembly. Punching is another alternative instead of drilling. In this study student will requires to conduct experiments on composite panel that carried out hole punching process. The effect of tool geometry and punching parameters including speed on the quality of the produced hole will be investigated.   1. Mechanical press machine 2. Alicona   Experimental 
6 The effect of blank holder mechanism to the thinning pattern in deep drawing of a square shape cup  ABA2  Thinning is one of the defect that commonly occurs in deep drawing process. In this study, the effect of blank holder to the thinning pattern of an aluminum alloy squared shape cup will be investigated experimentally. Student needs to propose circular specimen holding mechanism on the developed tooling in order to ensure successfull deep drawing process. Different die and punch design parameters including shoulder, nose and bottom radiuses will be examined and the effect will recorded.  1. Hydraulic press machine 2. Alicona   Experimental, Design 
7 Springback measurement of aluminum alloy strip using v-bending method  ABA3  Specimen for testing can be prepared using different methods. In this study the effect specimen preparation procedure i.e. machined, wire cut and sheared specimen on different materials to springback will be performed using v-bending die. The student needs to mapped the hardness distribution along the cutted section. Other parameters such as rolling direction and friction coefficient also will be studied. The amount of springback will be measured using profile projector.  1. Mechanical press machine 2. Profile projector 3. UTM   Experimental 
8 Comparison between drilling and punching in producing hole on composite panel.  ABA4  Recently advanced composite material has been used as a replacement for some metals in engineering materials applications. This is due to the weight reduction, reliability and strength of the material. Typically in producing a hole, drilling is preferred. Alternatively, punching process can be used to create holes especially on composite. In this research, student is required to compare both processes in terms of time and effect to the tool wear. The wear will be measured using 3D surface measurement technique i.e. Alicona.  1. Mechanical press machine 2. Alicona 3. UTM  Experimental 
9 Design and testing of surface grinding rig   ABA5  Surface roughness is one of the most influential parameters to the performance of the die the punch. Typically, surface grinding machine will be used to improve the surface roughness. Recent demand on metal forming with complex shape or deep cavity requires very complicated and time consuming grinding process. In this project, the student needs to utilize the available turning machine as source of rotating mechanism and then design a jig to hold the specimen i.e. the die and punch during the grinding process.  Turning machine  Experimental, Design 
10 Coating of NiTi shape memory alloy orthodontic archwire  ASM1  The work involves survey and analysis on the use of NiTi wire for brazing. Collaboration work with the Dental School and IPPT USM. It also involves some experimental analysis on few coating techniques and the application of this wire on human model. All the works are experimental that involve the usage of furnace, metallography technique, DSC, SEM, Nanoindenter and tensile machine.  Strong interest in materials is an added advantage. Fundamental sciences and experimental analysis.  Experimental, Analytical/Programming, Case study/Survey 
11 Development of a graded NiTi arch wire with varying superelastic and frictional properties  ASM2  The work involves experimental design to develop graded wire to suit for orthodontic application. It could be from the shape memory effect, or pseudoelastic, or two-way memory behaviours. The design may have potential for exhibition, competition or commercial development. All the works are experimental that involve the usage of furnace, metallography technique, DSC, SEM and tensile machine.  Strong interest in materials is an added advantage. Fundamental sciences and experimental analysis.  Experimental, Analytical/Programming, Design 
12 Design and fabrication of thermo-mechanical dilatometer  ASM3  The work requires a design and fabrication of an equipment to measure shape memory behaviors activated by both mechanical stress and temperature. The range of temperature for activation is between -100oC and 150oC.  Strong interest in design, solidworks software and fabrication is an advantage. Design, fabrication, experimental and application.  Experimental, Analytical/Programming, Design 
13 Design and fabrication of shape memory device for consumer application  ASM4  The work requires a design and fabrication of a device from shape memory alloy. It involves reverse engineering and design optimization. The focus of the design is on practical and simply configuration for domestic application.  Strong interest in design, solidworks software and fabrication is an advantage. Design, fabrication, experimental and application, and also strong understanding of fundamental sciences of materials properties.  Experimental, Design 
14 Quality Assurance Improvement (Industrial-based FYP)  CJF1  Quality assurance is a production function responsible for quality inspection and gates in accordance to internal and external customer requirements. A simple example would be samples are redrawn from different stages of production to be inspected on the spot or at the lab when specific equipment is required. This project requires the student to improve the quality assurance processes in BOSE.  Case study in BOSE, knowledge in Lean manufacturing  Case study/Survey 
15 Production planning and control in lean job shop: a case study (Industrial-based FYP)  CJF2  There is a misconception that lean manufacturing promotes cellularization in production. Here presents a case whereby job shop with multiple machines are to be retained but at the same times, adopted lean tools as much as possible to maintain the production rate and quality. This requires different understanding on lean manufacturing. The case happens in Continenal, Prai. The student needs to develop a strategy to improve the flow in the job shop area.  Lean knowledge  Case study/Survey 
16 Improve material control in high value area at warehouse (Industrial-based FYP)  CJF3  Warehouse consists of multiple departments. Some departments are highly guarded when the goods stored are of high value, e.g. with immediate reselling worth. In this project, the student requires to study how the high value items are stored and organized in BOSE so that material retrieval and replenishment can be strictly first-in-first-out. The conceived mechanisms should also facilitate kanban-system and period cycle counting.   Case study  Case study/Survey 
17 Environmental friendly product design and development  CJF4  The work relates to product design of vector control mechanism. Initial design has been conceived and needs refinement. Student who prefer hand-on work will be suitable.  Solidworks, rapid-prototyping or other fabrication methods.   
18 Development of Soil Cooling Tube for Domestic Cooling  CKW1  Development and study of an unique cooling system, where soil as the cooling source.     Experimental, Simulation, Design 
19 Investigation of Sea Wave Energy Harvesting Technology  CKW2  This project develop and study the sea wave energy harvesting system.     Experimental, Simulation, Design 
20 Investigation of Einstein Refrigeration System  CKW3  Set up the 80-year-old Einstein fridge and study its performance.    Experimental, Simulation, Design 
21 Development of Low Speed Wind Harvesting System  CKW4  Development and study of low speed wind harvesting system in Malaysia    Experimental, Simulation, Design 
22 A study on residual stress effect in crack tip analysis  FY1  To quantify variation of J-integral due to residual stress field  Interest in numerical finite element analysis, Tools: ABAQUS, MatLAB, Fortran  Simulation, Analytical/Programming 
23 A study on three-point-bending deformation mapping using digital image correlation  FY2  To quantify three-point-bending problems using digital image correlation  Interest in experimental and solid mechanics problems Tools: UTM Servohydraulic Instron 3387 and DIC system  Experimental, Analytical/Programming, Design 
24 A study on the effect of residual stress on electrical wire cables  FY3  To quantify effect of residual stress on electrical wire cables using experimental and numerical analysis  Interest in finite element and experimental analysis Tools: ABAQUS, Instron 3387  Experimental, Simulation, Design 
25 A study on the effect of toughness mismatch on three-dimensional asymptotic crack tip constraint fields  FY4  To quantify crack tip constraint due to toughness mismatch  Interest in finite element analysis Tools: ABAQUS, MatLAB, Fortran  Simulation, Analytical/Programming 
26 Vibration Analysis of Induced-Draft Air-Cooled Heat Exchanger Platform Structure  IAR1  Structural vibration are major problem in process plant industries which involved many structural platform supported both static and rotating equipment. In this project, the structural vibration of platform that supported draft air cooled heat exchanger will be studied. The objectives are to develop the platform's finite element model, to compare simulation results with the experimental data and to reduce the vibration using Structural Dynamic Modification  MSC-Patran, Vibration measurement  Experimental, Simulation 
27 Investigation of moment inertia measurements  IAR2  Accurate calculation of the moment of inertia of an irregular body is made difficult by the large number of quantities which must be measured. A popular method is to use a trifilar suspension system to measure the period of oscillation of the body in the horizontal plane. Some sources of error are will be studied with particular attention given to the alignment of the test object’s center of mass on the trifilar platform.    Experimental, Analytical/Programming 
28 Biomechanical study of pedicle screw  IAR3  In spinal instrumentation, pedicle screw insertion become a critical part in surgery without having a complication due to infection, mechanical failure and fatigue during or after the surgery has been done. A lot of studies have been done to improve the process and avoid that failure occur including by using finite element simulation and/or experimental methods. In this project, the influence of pullout strength due to insertion of pedicle screw will be studied using simulation and experimental.  UTM (pullout testing), MSC-Patran   Experimental, Simulation 
29 Validation of finite element model of human lumbar spine  IAR4  Computational methods have been used to better understand mechanisms of load transfer in the spine. The finite element models have been developed to investigate the mechanical behavior of the lumbar spine under physiologic and traumatic loads. The objective of the present study is to develop and validate a nonlinear finite element model of the lumbar region of the human vertebral column.  MSC-Patran/Nastran, CT-scan, Mimics  Simulation 
30 Development of the multi axes spine tester  IAR5  Human spine tester was important in order to understand the human spine. It consists of complex six degree of freedom motion which must be replicated in a human spine tester in in-vitro condition in order to determine the biomechanical properties of the spine. In this project, a testing jig will be developed which was capable of applying axial loads and torques to the specimen which replaced the human spine bone.  CAD Modelling (Solidwork), Design/Fabrication  Experimental, Design 
31 A study of the effect of oxidation on the phase formation of NiTi in solid state synthesis.   JA1  This project involve fundamental understanding of NiTi alloys properties, its synthesis in solid state and the issues around it, and the experimental works to verify the hypothesis which suggests that formation of single phase NiTi in solid state synthesis is hindered by oxidation, not by thermodynamics factor.   Powder metallurgy facilities in NFM lab Heat treatment Furnace in NFM lab SEM/EDS and DSC at NFM lab XRD in Materials Engineering Lab Student: Keen interest in materials science research and love to spend time in the laboratory.   Experimental 
32 Development of Water Sealing Characteristic (Industrial-based FYP)  JA2  Water sealing is a critical requirement in our product design. Many instances our product may have been overdesigned to meet the IPX7 requirements based on the criteria of 0.2MPa. The 1m Immersion test was not in any way correlated to the USON Vacuum test. Different product groups are using different test configurations using USON tester. Design engineers are adjusting the vacuum and hold time based on their experience or lessons learned from legacy products. We need a better understanding on the correlation of Vacuum leak vs water ingression subjected to 1m and Delta-T immersion test.    Experimental 
33 Development of Low Cost Deionised Water (DIW) Dispenser System  KM1  DI water is widely used as cleaning liquid for research lab and manufacturing processes. The available system in the market is very expensive. Low cost system is sought after for laboratory usage.  CAD software such as CATIA and Solidwork, Machnining metal component, 3D printer on plastic components, Mechanical Assembly,Electrical Integration.  Experimental, Design 
34 Development of a low cost Plasma Asher system  KM2  Oxygen plasma (asher) is a dry method of cleaning any surface from organic contamination.   CAD softwares such as CATIA and Solidwork, RF Generator, Vacuum chamber, CNC machining.  Experimental, Design 
35 Mining the mental disorder relations: A knowledge discovery analysis   LWP1  Poor mental health has been linked to many symptoms. Data mining can be used to study level of mental health outcomes. Suggestions are presented for using the classification or clustering approaches to relate potential groups of mental disorders. Information or behavioural patterns that distinguish between the normal and the mental disorders groups will be recognized. Mathematical model to represent mental disorder category will be developed.   Data mining, Mathematical modelling  Data Mining 
36 Integrating data mining approaches in understanding the dynamics of animal motions  LWP2  The dynamics of animal motions relate to how physical forces interact with their body systems. For instance, to determine how strong should be the bones to support body weight as well as to deal with the optimum loads imposed on them. The study analyzes the efficiency of applying data mining works to relate the physical forces with the dynamical behavior of animal movements.  Data mining, Mathematical modelling  Data Mining 
37 Towards clinical knowledge discovery in hypertension problems  LWP3  Data mining analysis plays a vital role in studying the hypertension problems. Case studies involved data retrieved from public available database and a real case study data. Useful clinical information like the effective mode of drugs for remedy can be considered for knowledge discovery analysis.  Data mining, Mathematical modelling  Data Mining 
38 Tree decision technique for tumour diagnosis  LWP4  The research applies classification analysis using tree-decision hierarchical categorization method. The main emphasis is on gene expression classification accuracy. Main data features that could better distinguish expressions into its belonging classes will be determined  Data mining, Mathematical modelling  Data Mining 
39 Finite element simulation of fluid-structure interaction (2D/3D) with Ansys   MAA1  The effect of solid motion on fluid flow can be modeled by coupling ANSYS Fluent software with ANSYS structural mechanics solutions. Using the unified user environment (ANSYS Workbench) fluid-structure interaction (FSI) simulations can be easily set up. ANSYS Fluent FSI solutions are an Industry leader in robustness, applicability and accuracy for two-way FSI. This analysis will pave way to various real world applications.  Ansys software  Simulation 
40 Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) simulation of 3-dimensional fluid flow in arteries or enclosure with Palabos  MAA2  Predicting the flow field inside complex geometries like in blood vessels is often desired in medical applications. One typical case is that of cerebral aneurysms. As the treatment methods themselves carry significant risk, the knowledge of the emerging flow field inside the involved region of the vessel could be useful for medical decision-making.   OpenSource software Palabos  Simulation 
41 Parallel computation and simulation of Lattice Boltzmann Method in arteries/flow around elastic beam with Palabos  MAA3  The Lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) was introduced by McNamara and Zanetti to overcome the drawbacks of the lattice gas cellular automata. Since then the LBM emerged as an alternative powerful method for solving fluid dynamics problems. However, it needs more computer memory compared with NS solver. The use of parallel computing would significantly reduce the computation time by up to two orders of higher.   OpenSource software Palabos  a) Simulation b) Parallel computing 
42 Comparative studies of Finite Element Method (ansys) and Lattice Boltzmann method simulation on simple 2D or 3D problems.   MAA4  The lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) was proposed two decades ago, and is now recognized as a well-established method in computational fluid dynamics. It has been used to simulate fluid flow in a wide range of complex geometries such as porous media or geometries from medical applications. Several studies comparing LB and FE methods for transient flows have shown good agreement between, where LBM is less expensive in terms of memory consumption and uses comparable computational times. Comparison of LB and FE methods for time-harmonic flows however is still lacking and more comprehensive would yield the best possible simulation practice.   a) Simulation of simple 2D Cavity problems in Ansys b) Simulation of simple 2D Cavity problems in Palabos   Simulation 
43 Study the effect of hot jet impingement and hotspot on the bias acoustic liner  MAI1  Since FAA ruled that all aircraft manufacturers have to enhance noise abatement system, some researchers propose that bias acoustic liner is installed at nacelle leading edge. However, hotspot from anti-icing system might destroy bias acoustic liner (BAL). Therefore, the Final Year Project will investigate how the hotspot will affects on physical properties of Bias Acoustic Liner i.e. deflection, thermal stress and overall stress. CFD and ANSYS software are used in this investigation.   Knowledgeable in FSI, CFD & ANSYS. Softwares are available.  Simulation 
44 Numerical Investigation of Temperature Distribution inside Furnace.  MAI2  This work will investigate the temperature distribution inside furnace. FLUENT CFD code will be used in this project and these simulation results are validated with experimental data from “Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia”. Afterwards, a series of ambient temperature will be carried out and these simulation results are then compared to empirical correlation that was developed by “other researchers”.  Knowledgeable in Fluent CFD.  Simulation 
45 Numerical Investigation of The Behaviors of Composite Floor System on Fire  MAI3  This final year project will study the characteristics of two new designs for composite floor at various high temperatures between 600°C and 900°C. ANSYS will be used to predict some characteristics including deflection and thermal stress.  Knowledgeable in FSI and ANSYS.  Simulation 
46 Enhancement of dam emergency gate performance.  MAI4  This project will develop a few new designs of emergency gate for dam. Student needs to develop at least 3 new designs of emergency gate and simulated it by using FLUENT CFD code. The performance of new designs is measured by lift and drag forces. In addition, FYP student needs to analyze static pressure in gate vicinity.  Knowledgeable in FSI   
47 Drive Cycle Analysis of A Motorcycle using Chassis Dynamometer  MIR1  Establish drive cycle data for a motorcycle using chassis dyno in the laboratory.   Knowledgeable in ICE. Chassis dynamometer is available in Engine Lab PPKM.  Experimental 
48 On-Road Drive Cycle Analysis of Perodua Myvi Vehicle  MIR2  In reference to Euro/Japan Drive-Cycle Standards, establish the on-road drive cycle for Perodua Myvi.  Knowledgeable in ICE. Perodua Myvi car is available at Engine Lab PPKM  Experimental, Data Mining 
49 Simulation of Electric Vs. Hydraulic Hybrids (PARALLEL architecture)  MIR3  Simulate both systems and do cost study comparisons for various vehicle applications.  MATLAB, Code Development  Simulation 
50 Simulation of Electric Vs. Hydraulic Hybrids (SERIES architecture)  MIR4  Simulate both systems and do cost study comparisons for various vehicle applications.  MATLAB/Code Development  Simulation 
51 A novel moiré-pattern based tilt sensor   MMR1  Synopsis: In this project a novel tilt sensor based on moiré pattern will be designed and developed. The sensor will be calibration using a two-axis tilt stages. The moiré pattern will be captured using a digital camera and analyzed using image processing functions in Matlab. Features of the moiré pattern that changes due to the tilt will be used to correlate with the tilt angle.  Keen interest in programming and image processing. Student is recommended to take EPP462 (Industrial Machine Vision) course.  Experimental, Analytical/Programming, Design 
52 Simultaneous measurement of diameter and roundness of aluminum castings using CCD flatbed scanner and image processing  MMR2  The flatbed scanner, in combination with suitable edge detection and image processing algorithms, was successfully used to measure the nose radii of cutting tool inserts in a recently completed study. The flatbed scanner method will be extended to measure the diameter and roundness castings manufactured by STX Precision Sdn. Bhd. The image will be scanned at high resolution in gray scale and the edge of the casting will be detected using sub-pixel edge location method. The accuracy of the measurement will be verified using a CMM.   Keen interest in programming and image processing as well as initiative to solve an industrial problem. Must register for EPP462 (Industrial Machine Vision) course.  Experimental, Analytical/Programming, Design 
53 Machine vision application to detection of defects in powder coated aluminum castings  MMR3  In this project a machine vision solution will be developed to detect defects in powder coated aluminum casting manufactured by STX Precision Sdn. Bhd. Suitable lighting needs to be used to highlight the defect. An algorithm will be developed to detect the presence and location of the defect.  Keen interest in programming and image processing as well as initiative to solve an industrial problem. Must register for EPP462 (Industrial Machine Vision) course.  Experimental, Analytical/Programming, Design 
54 Machine vision application to detection of defects in steering lock nut  MMR4  This is an industrial project whereby the student will be required to develop a machine vision solution to detect several types of manufacturing defects that occur on the steering lock nuts. A rotary stage needs to be developed to rotate the lock nut and images at various sections need to be recorded for processing. Suitable lighting method must be implemented to highlight the defect. The images acquired using a CDD or digital camera will be processed to extract the defects.  Keen interest in programming and image processing as well as initiative to solve an industrial problem. Must register for EPP462 (Industrial Machine Vision) course.  Experimental, Analytical/Programming, Design 
55 Effect of tool wear on surface finish in turning using wavelet analysis  MMR6  The effect of tool wear on surface finish will be studied using the wavelet analysis method. The fundamentals of wavelet analysis must be studied and its potential for surface roughness analysis will be explored. The wavelet transform function will be applied to images of workpiece profiles captured using a high resolution digital camera.  Good mathematics background and analytical skills. Keen interest to learn new techniques to solve practical problems. Knowledge in Matlab is desirable.  Analytical/Programming 
56 Study of Lid-Driven Cavity Flow with Flexible Base  MRAR1  Lid-driven cavity flow in two dimensions is well-known (cf: http://www.cavityflow.com/). However, solutions to the flow with a flexible base is nontrivial. The main task is to construct such a model in the software package Ansys Fluent and study the solutions at different Reynolds number and stiffness values of the base wall.  Mainly Ansys Fluent  Simulation 
57 Study of wave dispersions through multiple dielectric materials  MRAR2  Printed circuit boards (PCB) of the future will involve transmissions of waves through different materials and in three dimensions. Your task is to perform a fundamental study of how electromagnetic waves are dispersed (having different phase velocities) through different materials. 2D simulation is focused with the possibility of 3D simulation.  Ansys Electromagetic solver  Simulation 
58 Modeling of Cascading Thermoelectric Modules  MRAR3  The task involves modeling of cascading thermoelectric modules in Ansys and to verify with established formulas in the calculation of its efficiency  Ansys  Simulation 
59 Assessment of adaptive meshing of FEA in Abaqus  MRAR4  To study the accuracy of solutions and efficiency of computer resources for the adaptive meshing feature in Abaqus   Abaqus  Simulation 
60 Post Processor Application for CNC Milling via CAD/CAM system  MSAM1  This project has to be done to investigate post processor in CAD/CAM industry. A process planning has to be produced for CNC Milling using the post processor.  SolidWorks / Catia and CNC Milling Machines  Simulation 
61 Post Processor Application for CNC Turning via CAD/CAM system  MSAM2  This project has to be done to investigate post processor in CAD/CAM industry. A process planning has to be produced for CNC Turning using the post processor.  SolidWorks / Catia and CNC Lathe Machines  Simulation 
62 Design of Food Waste Separator Device  MSAM3  This project has to be done to produce a design of food waste separator device. Prototype has to be produced based on industry standard.  SolidWorks / Catia and Fabrication Tools  Design 
63 Design Improvement of Tablet Pen  MSAM4  This project has to be done for improving the existing design of Tablet Pen. The Tablet Pen has to be developed based on industry standard.  SolidWorks / Catia and Fabrication Tools  Design 
64 Characteristics Study of An Emulsified Biofuel in Constant Volume Combustion Chamber (CVCC)  MYI1  This study includes an experimental investigation and visualization of both spraying and combustion characteristics of the emulsified biofuel in CVCC in comparison with diesel fuel.   The complete test workbench for CVCC analysis of the emulsified biofuel is available in Engine Laboratory, PPKM.  Experimental 
65 Characteristics Study of Briquetting of Biomass Material  MYI2  This study deals with a briquetting process of biomass material for improving its properties and commercial values. Densification of biomass into briquettes of higher density than original bulk density of the material will improve its physical and chemical properties that include density, moisture content, heating value, ash content and also mechanical properties such as impact, compressive strength, as well as handling and storage.   The briquette machine is available at Bio-Energy Laboratory, PPKM.  Experimental 
66 Torrefecation of Biomass via Continuous System  MYI3  The technology of converting biomass into bio fuel material via thermochemical conversion process such as torrefecation had been successfully developed at USM to improve its calorific value, quality and productivity. This study will be focusing on test of operation and analysis of quality of the torrefied biomass material.  The continuous torrefecation system of biomass is available at Bio-Energy Laboratory, PPKM.  Experimental 
67 Performance Study of An Up-Scaled Gamma-Type Stirling Engine   MYI4  This study involves an experimental investigation and characterization of the up-scaled Gamma-type Stirling engine for power production. The operation of the engine is expected to be in self-pressurized mode with air as the working gas.  The engine and all relevant equipments for the power assessment are available in the Engine Laboratory, PPKM.  Experimental 
68 Numerical and experimental investigations on the mini/micro channels at different heat flux  MZA1  Due to the rapid growth in technological applications which made high rates of heat transfer in small spaces and volumes, the new cooling techniques are being attempted to dissipate heat fluxes in electronic components in order of 100 up to 10,000 W/cm2. To solve this problem must enhance heat transfer coefficient to dissipate high-heat flux removal. To enhance heat transfer coefficient, channel should be small in diameter in order to increase surface area per unit flow volume. Smaller channels application is desirable because of two reasons: higher heat transfer coefficient, and increasing surface area per unit flow volume (Vasiliev, 2008). Tuckerman and Pease (1981 ) are the first which suggest microchannels for heat removal.  One student required for this project. The student required to fabricate the experimental set-up. The experiment and numerical simulation using Lattice Boltzmann Method will be used at different heat flux  Experimental, Simulation 
69 Development of nano solder particles by using supercritical water reactor  MZA2  Lead-free reflow soldering is one of the most significant factors to consider in the development of surface mount technology (SMT), especially toward the miniaturization of the advanced ball grid array (BGA) packaging. In current process, the use of solder paste at micron size has difficulty for the SMT process since some electronic components are very small. The solder paste with particle size (1-6 micron) is no longer adequate for a small component during the reflow process. Thus, innovative solutions are indispensable to develop a new solder paste at nano size of solder particle to enhance the performance of soldering for modern nano packaging. This project aims to develop the nano solder paste of lead-free reflow soldering for the SMT process. The nano solder particles will be developed by using supercritical water and the solder will synthesize inside the reactor.   One student required for this project. The student required to run experiment for different solder solutions.The simulation using CFD code also needs to be carried for the flow inside the reactor.  Experimental, Simulation 
70 Numerical and experimental investigation of synthetic jet for the electronic cooling application  MZA3  Current thermal management increasingly becomes an obstacle for the designers to develop high powered packages. They affect the life, power consumption and light output of the package. However, existing cooling devices are inefficient to cool these packages. The use of synthetic jet as suggested by the previous investigators has better performance for the microelectronic cooling.  One student required for this project. The student required to fabricate the experimental set-up. The experiment and numerical simulation using CFD code at different heat rate.  Experimental, Simulation 
71 Influence of porous foam on electronic cooling performance  MZA4  Currently the thermal management has become an problem for the designers to develop high power packages. The existing fins is still inefficient for high power consumption of the package. Thus, the porous foam will be used to improve the cooling performance for the microelectronic cooling.  One student required to conduct the experiment on different type of foam porosity and materials. The student also required to predict the cooling performance by using CFD code.  Experimental, Simulation 
72 Nut Cracking Efficiency in Ripple Mill (Industrial-based FYP)  RA1  Design, fabricate and test a ripple machine use to break the nut kernel in palm oil mill. Industrial based project to helps the industry enhanced the efficiency of nut cracking and kernel recovery.  Solid work expertise and design.  Experimental, Design 
73 Mechanical and Physical Properties of Agro-Based Composites   RA2  Project in collaboration with Sri Jentayu to study the use of natural fibres to replace synthetic in defence industries.  Travelling  Experimental, Case Study/Survey 
74 Physical and Mechanical Characteristic of Bamboo Reinforced Composites  RA3  Project in collaboration with Sri Jentayu to study the use of bamboo fibres to replace synthetic in defence industries.  Travelling  Experimental, Case study/Survey 
75 Biodegradibility study of normal healthy bones  RMN1  This is study conducted to assess biodegradability of normal bone based on accelerated weathering and compared with the referred bone at ambient temperature, pressure and relative humidity.   Weathering chamber, SEM and mechanical tests.  Experimental, Analytical/Programming, Design 
76 Abrasion parameters effect on industrial polymer components  RMN2  This is a study on abrasion parameters effect on industrial polymeric components. The worn surface will be studied using pin-on-disc test and surface morphology by optical microscopy. The relationship of mechanical and tribological study will be correlated.   Design of experiment, Pin-on-disc, Optical microscopy  Experimental, Simulation 
77 Low impact fracture study on natural bone.   RMN3  The low impact fracture study on natural bone will be conducted based on cyclic loading tests. The natural bone will be tested using hardness testing machine, fretting fracture and tensile by universal testing machine.  Universal testing machine, optical microscopy  Experimental 
78 Comparative study on micro-lubricant abrasion of natural/synthetic polymer hybrid composite  RMN4  In this work, polymer composites will be fabricated using natural/synthetics materials. The abrasion test will be done using micro-lubricant and optimized experimental design will be analysed. The optical microscopy will be used to observe the morphological properties of worn surfaces.   Micro-lubricant dispenser, pin-on-disc, optical microscopy  Experimental, Simulation, Analytical/Programming 
79 Remedy Ticket Creation for Production IT Assist (Industrial-based FYP)  SJ1  Ticketing system is commonly applied in industry to promptly response to production disruptions, such as machine breakdown etc. Its role is crucial as production nowadays is increasingly computerized and integrated. The project relates to investigation into a case study company, BOSE on its recently introduced ticketing system and ways for the organization at all levels to embrace the system. The investigation needs to be performed through a systematic lean problem solving methodology called PDCA.   Lean knowledge  Case study/Survey 
80 Milk-run Kanban material replenishment system (Industrial-based FYP)  SJ2  Milk-run Kanban material replenishment system is inspired by scenario where empty milk bottles are collected from the customers during the fresh milk delivery. Translated to production, raw materials sent in pallets are moved to the shop floor periodically while empty pallets are collected together to be used for the next run. This project requires the student to develop and apply a highly reliable Milk-run Kanban material replenishment system in BOSE.  Lean knowledge  Case study/Survey 
81 Investigation of microstructural characteristics and mechanical behaviour of weldment aluminium AA 6082-T6 welding process.   SJ3  It is known that heat from welding reduce the strength of heat treatable alloy by as much as 50%. The objective of this study is to investigate the microstructural characteristics and mechanical properties of the weldment, particularly the HAZ. The microstructural analysis of the weld zones will be performed using light optical microscope, EDX analysis as well as Vickers hardness measurement. In addition, mechanical testing such as tensile test and distortion analysis using 3D Image Correlation will also be studied and discussed in correlation to macrographs and SEM images.   UTM, SEM  Experimental 
82 Design of surface finishing machine for structures at height  SJ4  The project is to design a viable machine that is capable of climbing a column or beam at height such as oil rig jacket, or steel bridges which is difficult to access by human. The machine should be able to perform finishing operation such as blasting and painting.   SOLIDWORKS  Design 
83 Fuzzy logic application in moiré fringes recognition   YKS1  A fuzzy inference system (FIS) is a system that uses fuzzy set theory to map inputs (features in the case of fuzzy classification) to outputs (classes in the case of fuzzy classification). In this work, a set of fuzzy rules will be determined from the moiré pattern and applied in moiré fringes recognition.   Matlab  Analytical/Programming 
84 Design and development of embedded machine vision system for process monitoring  YKS2  An embedded machine vision system is to be designed and built in this industrial related project. This embedded machine vision system is going to place on an injection molding machine to monitor the presence of the remaining part which fails to be retrieved, to prevent the damage of the mold by the subsequent molding process. A prototype of embedded machine vision system will be build using Raspberry Pi controller.  Matlab, Raspberry Pi controller  Analytical/Programming, Design 
85 Applicability study of intelligent template generator for PCBA inspection  YKS3  The concept of the intelligent generator had been coined in previous work. Now, the applicability of the intelligent generator is put into test. In this work, the student has to develop the intelligent system and test the system extensively to determine its applicability in the real world application.   Matlab   Analytical/Programming 
86 Simulation of structured ultrasound propagation in concrete structure  YKS4  In this project, a 3-D model of a concrete block will be established using ANSYS software to simulate the propagation of structured ultrasound in concrete structure. This work aims at the understanding of the possible image constructed from the echo of the structured ultrasound. The accuracy of the simulation model will determine the success of the project.   ANSYS  Simulation 
87 Gasification of biomass char using CO2  ZAZA1  There are significant CO2 emission in the environment that will cause global warming. One way of reducing this is to utilize the CO2 with biomass char which is abundant from oil palm plantation. The CO2 will be converted into CO which is a fuel that can be utilized in IC engine. The process will be conducted in a tube furnace available in the lab. The furnace temperature will be varied and the gas output will be analyzed using a gas chromatograph which is available in the lab. The effect of various biomass char and the furnace temperature on the quality of the gas output will be investigated.  Gas chromatograph Tube furnace  Experimental 
88 Cyclone combustion of biomass char  ZAZA2  Biomass is abundantly found in the form of waste from agricultural industries. Palm waste can be converted into char and then ground into fine particles. Finally the ground biomass char is fed into a cyclone combustion where it is burnt. The study will investigate the effect on various biomass material and its size on the combustion temperature and the exhaust gases. The cyclone combustor is already available in the biomass lab.  Cyclone combustor- School of Mechanical engineering Grinder- School of Mechanical Engineering Seive- School of Material Engineering and mineral resources  Experimental 
89 Hydrothermal treatment of food and kitchen waste  ZAZA3  A hydrothermal reactor is a high pressure cooker similar to the domestic pressure cooker but operates at 20-30 bar pressure. There are a lot of food and kitchen wastes that are produced from each household. The wastes go to the landfill. A hydrothermal reactor is available in the lab. Food and kitchen waste is put into the reactor. Saturated steam at 20-30bar is passed into the reactor. The final product is a paste like material that can be dried and used as fuel. The heating value of the product will be determined using a bomb calorimeter. Pressure will be varied and various food and kitchen waste will be used.   Hydrothermal reactor-School of Mechanical engineering Bomb calorimeter- School of Mechanical Engineering.   Experimental 
90 Biomass power plant for power generation  ZAZA4  A biomass power plant has been developed. The project will be done to determine the performance of the system in term of its efficiency, biomass consumption and diesel saving. The system will compare to a diesel power plant.   Gas chromatograph to determine the heating value of the gas from gasifier.   Experimental 
91 Development of Active Vibration Control Suspended Handle Using Piezopatch Actuator   ZMR1  Piezopatch actuator (Figure 1) can be used to deform beam and this can be used as an actuator. The student will prepare a beam type actuator and characterized it so that it can deliver 2mm deflection in the frequency range of 60-100 Hz. The hardware used will be Physik Instrumente and control will be achieved with NI Labview system. Some modeling using Matlab is expected.  The hardware is already available in the lab. Student will be given a short course on the use of PI system and NI Labview. Programming in Matlab is expected    
92 Optimization of of Active Vibration Control Suspended Handle  ZMR2  An existing model of Active Vibration Control suspended handle will be subjected to optimization to reduce the vibration transmissibility from the base to the handle. Modeling will be carried out using Matlab and model will be validated with Modal Analysis using LMS Test Lab and also NI Labview. Existing AVC suspended handle prototype is available in the Vibration Lab.   The hardware is already available in the lab. Student will be given a short course on the use of optimization in Matlab    
93 Design of Powered Prosthesis for Lower Arm   ZMR3  Powered prosthesis can be used to improve the quality of life of people suffering from lost of control of the lower arm due to accidents or birth defect. The design will use DC linear motor or stepper motor.Modeling will be done using Simulink or ABAQUS.  The hardware is already available in the lab. Student will be given a short course on the use of NI Labview and he/she will then learn to implement controling the motor. Programming in Matlab Simulink is expected   
94 Design of End Effector of Powered Prosthesis   ZMR4  Powered prosthesis can be used to improve the quality of life of people suffering from lost of control of the lower arm due to accidents or birth defect. The effectiveness of the powered prosthesis will depend on the dexterity of the end effector. In this case the effector will be used primarily in assisting the function of eating and brushing teeth. The design will use DC linear motor or DC Stepper motor to achieve the intended motion. Effective control strategy using NI Labview. Kinematic modeling will be done using Simulink or ABAQUS.   The hardware is already available in the lab. Student will be given a short course on the use of NI Labview and he/she will then learn to implement controling the motor. Programming in Matlab Simulink is expected   
95 Finite Element Analysis of Piezopatch Actuator   ZMR5  Piezopatch actuator can be used to drive a beam which can be used for active vibration control. FE analysis will be made on the piezopatch beam actuator system and the analysis will compare the results from FE simulation with the measured value. Later, saturation effect will be introduced in order to come up with the realistic FE model of the piezopatch actuator.      
96 Automating punching process inspection using machine vision based on raspberry pi micro-controller  ZS1  An automated punching process for Airbus 320 composite panel is under development using robot arm and machine vision. Machine vision application needs to be developed to inspect the hole dimensions on 24 different composite panels using a usb web camera connected to raspberry pi micro-controller. The result of the inspection will be utilized by the Kuka robot to automatically improve to accuracy of the punching process.  Objective: 1. To develop machine vision application to inspect the hole dimensions on 24 composite panels using a usb web camera connected raspberry pi micro-controller. 2. To program Kuka robot for punching and inspecting 24 different composite panels. 3. To automate the punching process inspection for improving punching accuracy Needs: The student is preferably has passed EMC311 Mechatronic and is currently taking EPC431 Robotics and Automation and EPE462 Industrial Machine Vision. The student should be able to program raspberry pi micro-controller using python.   Experimental, Analytical/Programming 
97 Fabricating and automating robotic MRF punching workstation  ZS2  An automated punching process for Airbus 320 composite panel is under development using robot arm and magneto-rheological fluid (MRF) actuator. An existing hydraulic punching machine will be modified to become MRF punching machine. A MRF solenoid valve needs to be fabricated to control a MRF actuator.The valve will be interfaced to Kuka robot which will be programmed to actuate the punching machine.  Objective: 1. To fabricate a MRF solenoid valve for controlling a MRF actuator. 2. To interface the MRF solenoid valve to Kuka robot. 3. To program Kuka robot to actuate the punching machine. Needs: The student is preferably has passed EMC311 Mechatronic and is currently taking EPC431 Robotics.   Experimental, Analytical/Programming 
98 Controlling an inverted pendulum using a raspberry pi micro-controller  ZS3  A system for controlling an inverted pendulum using NI DAQ and personal computer is available in Automatic Control Laboratory. Student will replace the NI DAQ and personal computer with an analog to digital converter and a raspberry pi micro-controller. A similar control algorithm needs to be developed and programmed.  Objective: 1. To interface an inverted pendulum to a raspberry pi micro-controller using an analog to digital converter 2. To program raspberry pi micro-controller to read an encoder and send signal to an electric motor using python language. 3. To design a control system to keep the pendulum in upright position using Scilab. Needs: The student is preferably has passed EMC311 Mechatronic and EMC322 Automatic Control. The student should be able to program raspberry pi micro-controller using python.   Experimental, Simulation, Analytical/Programming, Design 
99 Controlling the thrust force and direction generated by IPMC smart material actuator  ZS4  A thruster for underwater robot is under development to utilize Ionic Polymer Metal Composite (IPMC) smart actuator. A control system is required to be designed to regulate thrust force and direction. Student needs to program arduino micro-controller to read a sensor and send signal to actuate IPMC using C language.  Objectives: 1. To develop and fabricate a thruster for underwater robot using IPMC. 2. To program arduino micro-controller to read a sensor and send signal to actuate IPMC using C language. 3. To design a control system to regulate thrust force and direction. Needs: The student is preferably has passed EMC311 Mechatronic and EMC322 Automatic Control.   Experimental, Simulation, Analytical/Programming, Design 
100 Tooling design for multi-part plastic injection mold  ZS5  It is more economical if a mold for plastic injection can be fabricated with multi-cavities that can produce multi-parts in a single plastic injection shot. The manufacturer will save the cost in getting the mold. However, it is difficult to design a mold with multi-cavities. Many factors needs to be considered in the tooling design. Thus, simulation is required to analyze the plastic injection process when the mold have many cavities.  Objectives: 1. To design a plastic injection mold with multi-cavities for producing 15 different components in a single shot. 2. To simulate the material flow in the multi-cavities mold during plastic injection. Needs: Student Manufacturing Engineering   Simulation, Design